Malawi’s woodlands, like many of those in sub-Saharan African countries, have been sacrificed for building materials and fuel. Over time, this process of ecosystem degradation turns soil to clay by starving it of the nutrients that result from natural composting. As a result, rainwater – along with human and animal waste – runs off to rivers and streams rather than seeping down to maintain underground aquifers.

In order to maintain the aquifers and protect the natural process of healthy soil creation, Freshwater Project International funds the planting of 100 trees around every new borehole well that we drill. Our partners also train the communities where we work about the importance of protecting trees for the long-range future.


  • Increased retention of groundwater
  • Natural production and retention of soil
  • Increased soil nutrients
  • Reduced flooding
  • Reduced waste of rain water due to runoff
  • Reduced contamination from fecal matter
  • Deceleration of global climate change